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» DOI prefix: 710.26458
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Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series is both an online journal and a printed one which is committed to publish quality research papers submitted by professors, researchers and Ph. D. students in the economic field. It is an OPEN ACCESS journal

The papers should be the results of original research, theoretical and empirical approach under the form of: research articles, case studies, essays.

We welcome papers from professors, researchers and Ph. D. students from all over the world in the attempt of serving as a forum of discussion and a diverse knowledge hub for students and teachers.

Young researchers as Ph. D. students are encouraged to express their views in a special section dedicated to them.

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. The Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series allow the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions. All the papers are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
.

Each paper has a unique Digital Object Identifier. DOI prefix: 10.26458

» COVERAGE

The areas covered by Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series include topics related to Economic Sciences, such as: marketing, management, finance, banking, accounting, audit, international economic relations, trade, business, tourism, administrative data processing, politic economy, commercial law, cybernetics, environmental economics, statistics, ethics in economics, insurance, advocacy & lobby, economic philosophy, econometrics etc.

Each issue has a specific topic that is a subtopic of major journal coverage.

» PUBLISHER

The publisher is Editura Fundatiei Romania de Maine: http://www.edituraromaniademaine.ro/.
» FREQUENCY

The frequency of the journal Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series is quarterly.


» JOURNAL HISTORY

The journal Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series was founded in 2000 at the initiative of two professors from Spiru Haret University: professor Ph. D. Gheorghe Zaman - also corresponding member of the Romanian Academy and professor Ph. D. Constantin Mecu.

Between 2004 - 2010 the journal is headed by professor Ph. D. Constantin Mecu, as editor in chief, and associate professor Ph.D. Aurelian A. Bondrea, as deputy editor, both of them vice-rectors of the university.

In 2011, associate professor Ph.D. Aurelian A. Bondrea, rector of the university, takes over the presidency as editor in chief and leads the journal untill present.

The Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series was issued annually, once a year, starting the year 2000, until 2009.

Starting 2010, the annals have a new format, with a four-annual issuance exclusively in English, with both redaction and review conditions comparable to the most rigorous international requirements.

In 2007, Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series obtained the B+ quotation from The National Council of Research in Higher Education in Romania, becoming a publication of real scientific interest.

Starting 2009, the journal is indexed in REPEC, SSRN and Google Scholar and beginning with 2016 it is under a process of rebranding, the new team trying to rethink the journal indexing strategy in international databases, suggesting a greater external visibility.

Along the years, in the journal pages, the members of the teaching personnel from Spiru Haret University published the results of their scientific research. The journal also hosts many studies of professors, researchers, Ph.D. or master students of other universities and research institutes from all over the world.

The theme of the publication firstly reflects the concern for the modernization of teaching economic sciences in University: marketing, management, finance, banking, accounting, audit, international economic relations, trade, business, tourism, administrative data processing, politic economy, commercial law, cybernetics, environmental economics, statistics, ethics in economics, insurance, advocacy & lobby , economic philosophy, econometrics etc.

In the published papers are analyzed theoretical and practical issues of edification and consolidation of the Romanian market economy, as well as the fundamental directions of the technical and scientific progress, the actual state and ways of its promotion in the Romanian economy, the issue of developing the new world economy, the directions of globalization and contemporaneous economic integration and Romania's participation to these processes. Also, there are hosted articles that refer to different aspects of economic phenomena from all over the world.

The editing team and the scientific advisors are Romanian intellectual personalities - members of the academy, professors, specialists in different fields of the practical economic and social activities. As reviewers have been engaged in scientific committee different professors and personalities in economic field coming from economics and academic institutions in our country, like :The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, West University from Timisoara, The National Scientific Research Institute for Labor and Social Protection Bucharest, The Romanian Court of Auditors, The Body of Expert and Licensed Accountants of Romania - CECCAR, Institute of National Economy and The Economic and Legal Sciences Department from Romanian Academy, etc. Among them, as reviewers, there are members of the academia, professors and researchers from other countries of the world, such as : Australia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia&Herzegovina, Bulgaria, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Italy, Lithuania,North Ireland, Norway, Poland, Republic of Macedonia, Republic of Serbia, Russia, Slovenia, The Netherlands, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom etc.

As a response to the public interest, the publication is sent to the libraries in Bucharest and Romania as well as to other universities and economic faculties abroad.

            

Who are we:


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GUIDE FOR AUTHORS

What our authors say

» FORMAT REQUIREMENT

The authors are invited to submit online their papers for the Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series following the instructions included in the PAPERS TEMPLATE. Please read first our GDPR POLICY
»Upload paper here. Please read the tutorial "How to upolad a peper"

Further information about using the online submission you may find here:

All papers are referred through an online blind peer review process.

The paper will be written in English, in Microsoft Word format and its length should be 6 to 20 pages, including abstract, JEL Codes, keywords, figures, tables, sketches, diagrams, and the list of references, following the formatting requirements.

The abstract should be no more than 200 words and has to contain the aim of the article, the importance of theme and author's conclusions.

The References should be written in latin alphabet.
» LANGUAGE

The papers shall be submitted in English.
» PLEASE PAY ATTENTION!

Co-authoring papers:When a paper is written in co-authoring, please provide the affiliation, the contacts and e-mail address of each author on the article. Otherwise, the paper will be indexed only for the authors who provided their complete information.

Authors names on the article:The journal will publish only the papers who provide the full names of the authors. The journal do not allow the authors to put initials of their names instead of full names:          ALLOWED: John Stewart MILLER,          NOT ALLOWED: J.S.MILLER


» DISCLAIMER

The editors make no representations or warranties as to the accuracy or suitability of the paper content and shall not be hold responsible for any views expressed by the authors therein.

To publish an article in Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series all authors has to have significantly contributed to the research and they have to state that all data in article are real and authentic. Also the authors are required to provide retractions or corrections of the issue.

We do not accept corrections and authors name changes after publishing.

Subscription cancellations will not be accepted after the current issue online display.

All the authors have to check the list below before uploading the article, in our Online Submission System:

  1. Manuscripts that violate these requirements will be automatically rejected, and the author of the respective manuscript may be excluded from future submissions to Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series. Moreover, a manuscript may be rejected at any time, upon discovery that it does not comply with the policy stipulated herein, even if the author had previously been notified of the manuscripts acceptance .

  2. The submission file is in Open Office, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
    Please see the TEMPLATE.

  3. Minimum 6 and maximum 20 pages long, including sketches, tables, diagrams, the list of references and abstract, following the formatting requirements.

  4. The abstract should be no more than 200 words and has to contain the aim of the article, the importance of theme and author's conclusions.

  5. The References should be written in latin alphabet.

  6. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the template. We are strongly encouraging authors to see the tutorial, before writing their paper.

  7. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

  8. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in template.




» AUTHENTICITY, ACADEMIC ETHICS POLICY AND PUBLICATION MALPRACTICE STATEMENT

Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series adheres in the strictest sense to the ethical guidelines established by the Committee on publication Ethics and only publishes original, authentic work. The journal has its own CODE OF ETHICAL PRINCIPLES. By submitting a manuscript to Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series, the author warrants that the enclosed text is authentic and does not infringe on any existing copyrights. Moreover, it is the authors responsibility to that ensure that the manuscript contains no instances of plagiarism or self-plagiarism, properly cites all verbatim quotations taken from or paraphrases of other works, and that permission has been duly obtained for the re-use of any parts or elements of other works where permission is either implicitly or explicitly required by the copyright holder.

The editors of Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series may undertake certain measures, including but not limited to the use of online peer review software, in order to verify the authenticity of the received manuscript. However, the responsibility of ensuring the originality of the work and conforming to all existing national and international copyright laws lies entirely with the author. As such, the author will indemnify the publisher against any and all third party claims arising from the breach of the aforementioned copyright infringement warranty.

All manuscripts found to not be in compliance with the authenticity guidelines set forth herein will be subject to automatic rejection and a permanent exclusion of the manuscripts author from future submissions to Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series, either as sole author or co-author.

Any claim of plagiarism that is received regarding an already published article will be duly investigated to the full extent. If it is found that a published article indeed fails to meet the authenticity guidelines of Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series, the publication of such an article will be retracted, wherever possible, and the author of the article will be excluded from future submissions to Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series, either as sole author or co-author. Further, in such cases, the publisher of Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series may proceed with (civil or penal) legal action against the author, depending on the circumstances and severity of the infringement.

We check all papers against plagiarism using Safe Assign Module offered by BlackBoard TM.

» SUBSCRIPTION RATES

OPEN ACCESS PUBLICATION.This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. The journal allow the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.

» PUBLICATION FEE

Article processing charges (APCs) and article submission charges are not required.
For the printed version of the journal we do not assure the delivery fees.
» CITE

Please use our tool to cite an article from this journal. Just choose the article you want to cite from the Archive and use the link "How to cite" from the left panel of the article. Example of How to cite an item

»UPLOAD A PAPER

Please read the tutorial


» Registration

»Log in

» ARTICLE IDENTIFIERS AND METADATA

Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series use Uniform Resource Names to the objects (issues, articles, galley and supplementary files) in Open Journal System. Each paper has a unique Digital Object Identifier. DOI prefix: 10.26458

Our journal use P.K.P. (see more) and DUBLIN CORE metadata standard for importing/exporting objects. Please see this example.

» ARCHIVING POLICY

Authors may archive the final published version of their article (PDF file) from http://anale.spiruharet.ro/index.php/economics/issue/archive.

All the issues of the Journal have a printed publication available in Spiru Haret University Library.

Peer review process



» WOULD YOU LIKE TO BE A PEER-REVIEWER?

If YES, than REGISTER HERE! Please check the reviewer check box and write reviewing interests (substantive areas and research methods): 5-6 keywords.

» RECRUITMENT OF REVIEWERS

» RECRUITMENT OF PROOFREADERS

Note: Please read the tutorial below before starting registration process.

» ALREADY A PEER-REVIEWER? - LOG IN PROCESS

If YES, than LogIn.

Note: Please read the tutorial below before starting registration process.

List of reviewers.

REVIEW ONLINE

The Reviewer is selected by the Section Editor to review a submission. Reviewers are asked to submit reviews to the journal's web site (although some journals opt for an email review policy) and are able to upload attachments for the use of the Editor and Author. Reviewers may be rated by Section Editors.

REVIEWER'S ROLE

The Reviewer is invited by email to review a submission, which includes its title and abstract, as well as the journal's URL and a username and password for the Reviewer to use to enter the journal. The journal has the option of using a reviewer option that sends the submission as an email attachment to the Reviewer along with an invitation to review. In this case, the Reviewer then responds by email. What is described here is the principal method for reviewing (and ensuring complete records of the process), which involves the Reviewer conducting the Review on the journal's web site.

SUBMISSIONS

On logging in to the journal, the Reviewer arrives at the User Home page. By clicking on the role of Reviewer (as a Reviewer may be enrolled under other roles, such as an Author), the Reviewer is led to the Submissions page. This page lists the submissions which the Reviewer has been invited to review or is currently in the process of reviewing. The Submissions queue also notes what round the review is, as some reviews may have entered a second round of reviewing, following the Section Editor's decision that the submission must be "resubmitted for review." This page also provides access to past reviews which the Reviewer has completed for the journal.



HOW TO REVIEW AN ARTICLE

The Reviewer is invited by email to review a submission, which includes its title and abstract, as well as the journal's URL and a username and password for the Reviewer to use to enter the journal. The journal has the option of using a reviewer option that sends the submission as an email attachment to the Reviewer along with an invitation to review. In this case, the Reviewer then responds by email . What is described here is the principal method for reviewing (and ensuring complete records of the process), which involves the Reviewer conducting the Review on the journal's web site.

REVIEW HOME PAGE

Register: http://anale.spiruharet.ro/index.php/economics/user/register

Log In: http://anale.spiruharet.ro/index.php/economics/login

Please use the buttons to resize the text in order to fulfill your requirements. It might be seen in the upper left corner of all pages.

1.SUBMISSIONS On logging into the journal, you will arrive at the User Home page. To see the submissions you need to review, click the Reviewer link, or click the "x" Active link. Both will take you to your active Submissions page. This page lists the submissions which you have been invited to review or are currently in the process of reviewing. The Submissions queue also notes what round the review is, as some reviews may have entered a second round of reviewing, following the Section Editor's decision that the submission must be "resubmitted for review." This page also provides access to past reviews which the Reviewer has completed for the journal. Clicking on the linked title will take you to the review process.

2.REVIEW You will first see a summary of the submission details. Next, you will see the review schedule, and the associated deadline. Next, the Review process is divided into six steps:

Step 1

Reviewer has first to indicate to the Section Editor whether they will undertake the review. The decision should be made after reviewing the submission's Abstract and perhaps looking at the submission, by clicking on the file name in Step 3. If unable to do the review. The Reviewer who is unable to do the review clicks on "Unable to do the review" which leads to a standard email to the Section Editor, which the Reviewer can revise to indicate, if they wish, why they are cannot do the review (e.g., timing, conflict of interest, lack of expertise, etc.). If able to do the review. The Reviewer who is able to do the review clicks on "Will do there view," which leads to a standard email to the Section Editor, and which will indicate to Section Editor and Author that the review is underway.

Step 2

Consult the Reviewer Guidelines, found at the bottom of the Review page. The Reviewer Guidelines have been prepared by the Editors of the journal to ensure that your review is as helpful as possible to them and the author.

Step 3

The Author has uploaded the submission as a file, which the Reviewer can download from the journal's web site to the Reviewer's computer by clicking on the file name. The file can be opened or saved to the computer and opened, using available programs such as Word or Acrobat. It can be printed out or read on the screen. The Supplementary Files refer to materials the Author may have uploaded in addition to the submission, such as data sets, research instruments, or source texts.

Step 4

The journal requires the Reviewer to declare whether or not they have competing interests with the article being reviewed. If this is the case, Step 4 becomes a form requesting a declaration of Competing Interests, and all following steps change their step number accordingly. The Reviewer clicks on the Review icon and is presented with two Review text - boxes where the Review can be either entered by hand or pasted: one for the Editor and Author, and one visible to the Edit or only. The Reviewer may return to make such changes until a recommendation on the main Review pages is chosen, at which time the Review process is complete. The Reviewer has to fill an extended custom review form available on the journal site . The form can be returned to and edited until a recommendation has been chosen.

Step 5

The Reviewer also has the option, in addition to entering a Review, of uploading files for the Section Editor and/or the Author to see. These files may be a Reviewer-annotated version of the submission or some relevant data or other materials that will assist Editor and/or Author. It will be at the Editor's discretion whether these files are shown to the Author, but Reviewers can certainly comment on this in the Review (Step 4).

Step 6

The Reviewer must select a Recommendation for the submission from among the following options: Accept, Revisions Required, Resubmit for Review, Resubmit Elsewhere, Decline Submission, See Comments. When the Reviewer clicks "Submit Review to the Editor," it leads to a prepared email to the Section Editor, as well as making visible to the Editor the Recommendation, the saved Review (which are now locked) and any uploaded files. The email can be edited by the Reviewer before sending.

Please see the entire tutorial at: http://pkp.sfu.ca/ojs/docs/userguide/2.3.3/userguide.pdf



REVIEW POLICIES
» POLICY FOR CONCURRENT/MULTIPLE SUBMISSIONS

Manuscripts submitted to Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series should not be currently published or being considered for publication at another scientific journal or similar outlet. Likewise, does not accept multiple submissions of essentially the same work. That is, every submitted article should be substantially original in content, relative to other works currently published or under review. Manuscripts that violate these requirements will be automatically rejected, and the author of the respective manuscript may be excluded from future submissions to this journal. Moreover, a manuscript may be rejected at any time, upon discovery that it does not comply with the policy stipulated herein, even if the author had previously been notified of the manuscript s acceptance .

» PREVIEW PROCESS - BLIND REVIEW

All manuscripts received by Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series undergo the following review process. Upon receipt, each manuscript is assigned a content editor who is responsible with its evaluation.

The evaluation proceeds with the following major steps:

1. The content editor examines the manuscript and decides whether to proceed with a blind peer review. The manuscript may be rejected without a peer review if the content editor establishes that it does not conform to the basic requirements of Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series editorial policy, including authenticity, originality, formatting, submission guidelines, etc. Likewise, a content editor may reject the manuscript if he/she believes that the content of the manuscript is not appropriate for the topics and interests of Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series, or if it is established that the manuscript clearly lacks in scientific quality to the extent that the probability of it being accepted through the blind peer review would be too low to justify the waiting time for the author.

2. If the manuscript is rejected at the initial review, the content editor notifies the author of this decision. Otherwise, the content editor forwards the manuscript (with the authors name removed) to two peer reviews for evaluation and notifies the author that the manuscript has been accepted for a blind peer review.

3. Each peer reviewer evaluates the manuscript and submits to the content editor a referee report along with one of the following recommendations:

  1. Accept submission - publishable without revisions
  2. Revisions required - conditionally publishable with minor revisions
  3. Resubmit for review- potentially publishable with major revisions (revise and resubmit)
  4. Decline submission - not publishable
  5. Resubmit elsewhere - not publishable
  6. See comments

4. The content editor weighs the recommendations of the two peer reviewers and takes a decision on whether to accept the manuscript for publication as is, reject the manuscript without further review, or proceed with soliciting the revisions recommended by the referees. The content editor communicates the decision along with the referee reports (with the reviewers name removed), and if applicable conditions for revisions, to the author.

5. If it is decided that the manuscript requires revision, the author makes such revisions in accordance with the conditions/recommendations of the content editor and referees, and upon completion, resubmits the manuscript directly the content editor. Upon receipt of the revised manuscript, the content editor may decide to approve it for publication automatically or resubmit it the peer reviewers for reevaluation. In addition to the two original peer reviewers, the content editor may also solicit the opinion of an additional (third) reviewer.

6. Once the manuscript is deemed publishable in its current form, the author is notified of the decision and is provided with a copy of the manuscript in its final publishable form, for approval. Aside from the final approval, the author is required to transfer the copyright to the manuscript to Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series, before the manuscript can be published. We provide a Single Blind Review. Please fill in our registration form, use the article template and then upload your paper without authors'names.

Indexing

This journal is indexed in the following databases:

As a result of our rebranding we have the aim to index the journal in relevant international data bases and in catalogues of international important and prestigious libraries.

CrossRef-DOI InternetArchives WorldCat OCLC OpenAire Reaearch Bib JournalTOCs Open Haverster System Open Archive

EDITORIAL BOARD



EDITORIAL BOARD

» Editor in Chief: Bondrea A. Aurelian, Associate Professor Ph.D., Rector at Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania

» Deputy Chief Editor: Gurgu Elena, Associate Professor Ph.D., Economic Sciences Faculty, Department of Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania

» Andronie Maria, Professor Ph.D., Vice-Rector in Scientific Research at Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania

» Calu Daniela-Artemisa, Professor PhD, Faculty of Accounting and Management Information Systems, Accounting and Audit Department, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania

»Faggini Marisa, Professor PhD, Facoltà di Scienze Politiche, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Statistiche/DISES, Universita degli Studi di Salerno, Salerno, Italy

» Gherasim Zenovic, Professor Ph.D., Dean of Economic Sciences Faculty, Department of Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania

»Jadranka Denkova,Professor Ph.D., Goce Delcev University Krste Misirkov b.b., Department of Public Administration, Public Law and Human Behavior , Stip, Republic of Macedonia

» Steve Keen, Professor Ph.D., Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Kingston University, London, United Kingdom

» Mihaila Ramona Olivia, Associate Professor Ph.D., Vice-Rector of Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania

»Mile Vasic,Associate Professor Ph.D., Slobomir P University, Slobomir, Bijeljina, RS, Bosnia and Herzegovina

» Mastorakis Nikos, Professor at ASEI - Military Institutes of University Education, Hellenic Naval Academy, GREECE;Technical University of Sofia, Faculty of Engineering, BULGARIA; Honorary Professor, University of Cluj, ROMANIA;Honorary Professor, Óbuda University, Budapest, HUNGARY;Honorary Professor, Budapest Tech, Budapest, HUNGARY;Visiting Professor, University of Exeter, UNITED KINGDOM

»Pastore Francesco , Associate Professor Ph.D.,Full Professor of Economic Policy, currently Associate Professor of Political Economy at Seconda Università di Napoli, Italy

»Rikhardsson Pall M. , Professor Ph.D., Dean of RU School of Business, Reykjavik University, Iceland

»Pasnicu Daniela, Professor Ph.D., Economic Sciences Faculty, Department of Economic Sciences,Spiru Haret University; Scientific Researcher I at The National Scientific Research Institute for Labour and Social Protection, Bucharest, Romania

» Sroka Włodzimierz, Professor dr. hab., University of Dąbrowa Górnicza, Vice-Rector at Science WSB, Department of Management, Poland

» Tilikidou Irene , Professor PhD, Department of Marketing, School of Business Administration and Economics, ATEI of Thessaloniki, Greece

»Zaman Gheorghe, Professor Ph.D., Correspondent Member of the Romanian Academy, Institute of National Economy, Bucharest, Romania



EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD

» Andronie Mihai, Associate Professor Ph.D., Department of Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania

» Avram Laurentia Georgeta, Lecturer PhD, Faculty of Accounting and Financy, Câmpulung Muscel, Spiru Haret Univerity, Bucharest, Romania

» Baicu Claudia, Associate Professor Ph.D., Department of Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania

» Baluta Aurelian, Associate Professor Ph.D., Department of Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania

» Braga Viorina Filofteia, Associate Professor Ph.D., Department of Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Câmpulung Muscel, Romania

» Bucea-Manea-Tonis Rocsana, Lecturer Ph.D., Department of Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania, SCOPUS ID

» Cociuban Aristide, Associate Professor Ph.D., Economic Sciences Faculty, Department of Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania

» Dobrescu M. Emilian, Professor Ph.D. , Scientific Secretary of the Economic and Legal Sciences Department, The Romanian Academy, Bucharest, Romania

» Dinga Ene Emil, Professor Ph.D. , Department of Economic Sciences , Spiru Haret University and Institute of National Economy, Romanian Academy, Bucharest, Romania

» Dragan Ilic, Professor Ph.D., Head of International Relations Department, University Business Academy (UBA), Novi Sad, Republic of Serbia, See more

» Dragomir Robert, Lecturer Ph.D., Department of Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Câmpulung Muscel, Romania

» Dumitru Golbach, Lecturer Ph.D., Valahia University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Targovite, Romania

» Edwin Mirfazli,Lecturer Ph.D.,Lampung University, Department of Accounting, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia

» Ghiorghita Eugen, Associate Professor Ph.D., Department of Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania

» Iga Rudawska,Associate Professor Ph.D., Faculty of conomics and Management, University of Szczecin, Poland

» Ionescu Luminita, Associate Professor Ph.D., Department of Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania

» Manea Natalia,Lecturer Ph.D., Faculty of Entrepreneurship, Engineering and Business Management, Politehnica University, Bucharest, Romania, ReseacherID

» Mauri Aurelio, Associate Professor Ph.D., Facoltà di Arti, turismo e mercati, Dipartimento di Business, Law, Economics and Consumer Behaviour - Business, Diritto, Economia e Consumi, Universita IULM, Milano, Italy

» Mladen Luise, Associate Professor Ph.D. , Spiru Haret University and National Scientific Research Institute for Labour and Social Protection, Bucharest, Romania

» Petrova Stoyanova Elitsa, Associate Professor Ph.D. Vasil Levski National Military University, Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria

» Popescu Maria Loredana, Lecturer PhD, Marketing Faculty, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania

» Prasanta Kumar Padhy, PhD (Buss. Admn.), MBA, M.A., LL.B., M.Phil, FDP (IIM, Ahmedabad), Former Professor, Head & Chairman Board of Studies, Department of Business Admn., Berhampur University, Odisha State, India , (Accredited 'A' Grade by NAAC, UGC).

» Raffaele AVETA, Prof.Ph.D., Seconda Università degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli , Dipartimento Giurisprudenza, Napoli, Italy.

» Simon Ilie,Associate Professor Ph.D., The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania

» Sami Buhur, Professor Ph.D., Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Balikesir University, Turkey.

» Sabyasachi Rath, Vishwa Vishwani Institute of Systems & Management, Hyderabad, India

» Stephen Jehucal Ternyik, Researcher & Entrepreneur, Ternyik R & D, Germany

» Tascovici Daliana Ecaterina, Associate Professor Ph.D., Department of Economic Sciences , Spiru Haret University, Câmpulung Muscel, Romania

» Valiyev Agil,Lecturer PhD, Azerbaijan Tourism and Management University, Baku, Azerbaijan

» Vita Juknevičienė, Lecturer PhD., Department of Public Administration, Šiauliai University ,Šiauliai, Lithuania

» Zorzoliu Raluca, Associate Professor Ph.D., Department of Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania



TECHNICAL TEAM:

Scientific Journal Editor - Printed Edition:

»Savu Mihaela, Editor at Tomorrow’s Romania Foundation Publishing House


Webmaster Editor – Online Edition:

»Bucea-Manea-Tonis Rocsana, Lecturer Ph.D., Department of Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania


Representatives for journal indexing:

»Dragomir Robert, Lecturer Ph.D., Department of Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Câmpulung Muscel, Romania

»Bucea-Manea-Tonis Rocsana, Lecturer Ph.D., Department of Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania


Proofreaders:

»Savu Mihaela, Editor at Tomorrow’s Romania Foundation Publishing House

»Vasilescu Ruxandra, Associate Professor Ph.D., Dean of The Faculty of Letters, Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania


Operational and Technical Staff:

»Dumitru Raluca, Lecturer Ph.D., Department of Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania

»Meruta Alexandrina, Lecturer Ph.D., Department of Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania


Visuals & Design Team

» Magda Ilie, Cover Designer and Books Coordinator at Tomorrow’s Romania Foundation Publishing House

» Savu Mihaela, Scientific Journal Designer at Tomorrow’s Romania Foundation Publishing House

CALL FOR PAPER



"AN INTERNATIONAL PLATFORM FOR SCIENTIFIC COLLABORATION IN THE AGE OF GLOBAL TRANSFORMATIONS" - PDF
» SUBMISSION DEADLINES:

  • March 20th, 2018;
  • June 20th, 2018;
  • September 20th, 2018;
  • December 15th, 2018.

Editor in Chief: BONDREA A. Aurelian, Associate Professor Ph.D., Rector at Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania

Deputy Chief Editor: GURGU Elena, Associate Professor Ph.D., Department of Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania



CALL DESCRIPTION

Call for papers of the ASHUES Journal for 2018 are also guided this time by the major trends that are expected to take place in 2018 in the global economy and will influence one way or another our lives for all. The global economy will face serious challenges in the coming months, and there is a mountain of debt in the background that makes the markets nervous and thus increases the vulnerability of the system to destabilizing shocks. However, the basic scenario of the world economy for 2018 seems to be continuity. Power and economic influence will continue to shift from West to East, without suddenly changing the polarization pattern of jobs, income and policies, primarily in developed countries.

In the context of the worsening of the global financial crisis, policy makers are more likely to address long-term problems that hamper sustainable development. The last decade has been highlighted by a series of economic crises and negative shocks, starting with the 2008-2009 global financial crisis, followed by the European sovereign debt crisis in 2010-2012 and the global realignment of commodity prices over the 2014-2016 period. As these crises succeeded, the world economy has strengthened, providing a greater sphere of policy reorientation to long-term issues that hamper progress in the economic, social and environmental dimension of sustainable development.

Worldwide growth is expected to remain constant at 3.0% in 2018 and 2019. Strong economic activity was not evenly shared between countries and regions. The recent acceleration of world economic growth in products is mainly due to the stronger growth of more developed economies, although East and South Asia remain the most dynamic regions in the world. Recent economic gains remain unevenly distributed between countries and regions, and many parts of the world need to regain a healthy growth rate. The economic outlook for many commodity exporters remains provocative, highlighting vulnerability to explosion cycles in countries with a low natural resource base.

A stronger and wider recovery of investment activity needed to support productivity growth and accelerate progress towards sustainable development goals can be discouraged by a high level of trade policy uncertainty, considerable uncertainties about the impact of the large central bank balance sheet adjustment, as well as increased debt and an increase in longer-term financial fragility.

Between 2017 and 2019, a GDP per capita decline or increase is expected in Central Europe, Africa, West Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean. These combined regions represent 275 million people living in extreme poverty. This underlines the importance of addressing longer-term structural issues that hinder faster progress towards sustainable development and ensure that the objectives of poverty eradication and decent work for all are not pushed further. Failure to do so may leave a quarter of the African population in extreme poverty by 2030. Supporting economic growth in LDCs requires both financial resources and progress towards addressing institutional and security concerns.

Accelerating growth also has an environmental cost. The frequency of weather-related shocks continues to increase, highlighting the urgent need to build resistance to climate change and counteract the degradation rate of the environment. Although the level of global carbon emissions related to energy remained unclear between 2013-2016, the return to a more pronounced GDP growth will probably lead to higher levels of emissions. International maritime and aviation emissions are not covered by the Paris Agreement and emissions from these two sectors have increased faster than road transport over the past 25 years and have continued to grow uninterrupted since 2013.

The transition to sustainable energy is advancing at a progressive pace. Renewable energies represent more than half of the recently installed power capacity, but still account for about 11% of global energy generation. China remains the world's largest renewable energy investor, and renewable investments in 2017 have been backed by massive wind projects in Australia, China, Germany, Mexico, the United Kingdom and the United States.

At a time when many countries, especially in Africa, continue to suffer from a serious energy shortage, there is tremendous potential to lay the foundations for environmentally sustainable growth in the future, smart policies and investments today .

High levels of political uncertainty continue to affect the prospects for global trade, development aid, migration and climate goals and may delay a wider recovery of global investment and productivity. Increasing geopolitical tensions could intensify the trend towards more unilateral and isolationist policies. The prolonged period of abundant global liquidity and low borrowing costs have contributed to a further rise in global debt and an accumulation of financial imbalances. Many emerging economies - especially those with more open capital markets - remain vulnerable to increases in risk aversion, a runaway tightening of global liquidity conditions, and a sudden withdrawal of capital.

As the conditions for wider global economic stability are strengthened, the need to concentrate political action on the consequences of the economic crisis and macroeconomic stabilization in the short term has slowed. With the improvement of investment conditions, this creates a larger sphere of action to reorient policy towards longer-term issues such as enhancing the quality of the environment, economic growth, integration, and addressing institutional deficiencies that hinder development. Reorienting policy to address these challenges and maximizing co-benefits between development goals can generate stronger investment, job creation and longer-term economic growth in the medium term. Current investment in areas such as education, expanding access to healthcare, increasing resilience to climate change, improving the executive balance of institutions and enhancing financial and digital inclusion will support economic growth and short-term job creation. It will also accelerate progress towards social and environmental objectives and increase the long-term potential for sustainable growth.

As in previous years, some of the bold and innovative movement trends that top companies around the world do to keep their success are in their early stages, while others have already taken root.

In our journal, the published papers will take into account these 20 business trends that will lead successfully the global economy in 2018:

  • Artificial Intelligence Incorporated at Workplace.
  • Artificial intelligence that drives customer experience.
  • Blockchain embraced by the big players.
  • Communities embrace live interactions through social networks.
  • Companies focus on improving the qualification and retraining of current workers.
  • Companies take diversity seriously.
  • Financial and mental health status is prioritized.
  • Leaders encourage more human interaction.
  • Live video content has been won at this time.
  • Marketing leads results with a focus on issues.
  • Millennials welcome Generation Z.
  • Serving the community, not just buyers.
  • Social learning beyond the distance learning.
  • Older workforce
  • Deregulation of labor laws.
  • Wages in more growing
  • The labor force decision influences consumer behavior.


Here is how we see the global trends taking shape in 2018 like examples of questions that could be addressed but are not limited to:


Increasing economic diversification.

            
1st of January - 20th of March 2018
Increasing economic diversification


Second Call for paper:

            
1st of April - 20th of June, 2018
Reducing inequalities


Third Call for paper:

            
1st of July - 20th of September 2018
Consolidation of financial architecture


Forth Call for paper:

          
1st of October - 15th of December 2018
Tackling institutional weaknesses



NOTES FOR PROSPECTIVE AUTHORS

Submitted papers should not have been previously published nor be currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. (N.B. The papers may only be submitted if the paper was not originally copyrighted and if it has been completely re-written).

All papers are referred through a peer review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submitting papers online are available on the site menu

All papers must be submitted online using our submission electronic system available on the site.

Before submitting a paper online, please read the suggestions about submitting an article.

For further details, please contact the e-mail address below:
ashues@spiruharet.ro

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